My wife and I took our long-awaited vacation at Turks and Caicos last week. Apart from enjoying the white sandy beaches and the cool breezes, I also noticed there was so much enthusiasm in fellow-vacationers about owning a second home at the beach front. And, the confidence that they could afford such a commitment was high. I wondered why – and then answered my own question: Perhaps, these two financial factors had a role to play: 1) the 9-year long bull market rise (despite some notable and recent slides), and 2) interest rates that remain historically low.
Hence this blog post – “What to consider before considering a second home”. Let’s go.
Summer is here and with it are fanciful dreams of owning a second, seasonal home. Maybe it’s a beachside bungalow or a mountain cabin or a lakefront cottage with a front porch and a sweeping view of the sunlight on the water. All of them no doubt sound enticing, but fulfilling this dream takes attention to detail and a firm vision of your long-term goals.
In addition to housing costs and interest rates (not to mention lifestyle preferences, the home’s location and conditions of the real estate market), you should take many considerations into account before purchasing a second home.
If the factors add up right, for now, owning a vacation home may bring years of happiness. But if the time isn’t right, re-evaluate your long-term goals to see if you can buy this home in the future and avoid a ton of hassles today.
That said, here are few issues to explore:
Location, location, location: Heeding the first rule in any real estate transaction, think about how far you wish to travel from your primary residence or business (and the travel costs involved), the natural or recreational opportunities, economic history and current conditions of the new region and state and property taxes.
Financial preparedness: Ensure that the new home won’t compromise or threaten your long-term financial goals. If you have children and are determined to fund their college education, for example, you want your income, assets, and savings to cover those costs first. Similarly, if you are nearing Retirement, you may want to consider how buying this second home will impact your Retirement Planning. Your financial advisor may be able to help assess your preparedness and guide your strategy to buy a second home while keeping your long-term goals on track.
Count all costs: The true cost of owning a vacation home goes beyond the purchase price and mortgage interest rate (if you choose to obtain a loan.) Maintenance, utilities, property and state taxes, prices of seasonal activities, weather concerns and insurance all change constantly and add up quickly. Consult with a real estate agent as well as with a tax professional as you evaluate these variables.
Investment, rental property, legacy or fun house: If interested in this property purely for investment, think about improvements the home may require, the availability of skilled help in the locale and the economic history and vitality of the community. Also, consider how long you want to or must retain the property to get a reasonable return on investment.
Tax implications arise if you hope to derive income from renting your vacation home (a tax professional can enumerate them). Renting your property may force you to incur some additional expenses and repairs from tenants’ damage, for example.
If you hope to simply treasure time at a second home and escape for solitude, recreation or making memories, the new place can potentially turn into your retirement home. Is that attractive to you? Do you hope one day to make your vacation home a legacy to be handed down for generations or is your interest more short-term?
Co-ownership: The more might seem the merrier when owning a vacation home, so you can split costs, but make sure you iron out what happens if one owner can’t pay the agreed-upon share of expenses.
Consider forming a limited liability company (LLC), which exempts you personally from legal and financial liabilities of ownership. With the LLC owning the property, details are outlined from the beginning in case someone runs into financial trouble. Another option may be for an individual or couple to own the property and rent to others.
If you want to create a legacy, a trust can facilitate passing the property from generation to generation with the least confusion. Discord created with the other owners may outweigh the benefit of sharing the mortgage payments, taxes and other expenses, however.
Regardless of what you decide, consult an attorney to fully understand the implications of your decisions. When you’re thinking about a second home, your heart and head must work together so you meet all your needs.
Your Financial Advisor: Your financial advisor can help assess your preparedness and guide your strategy to buy a second home while keeping your long-term financial planning goals on track. In addition, your financial advisor can serve as a quarterback in organizing all your other advisors – lawyers, CPAs, real estate professionals, etc. – in order to gather all details, opinions and research.
So, if the warmer days of summer are enticing you to look at those dreamy summer homes, make sure you let your financial advisor know so you don’t get too far extended.
Because like all financial decisions, the further out we plan your goals, the more successful your journey. Best of luck!