With a headline like that I bet you’re thinking this is one of those wild & crazy get rich schemes. However, it’s really just a hypothetical illustration of the great benefits of three factors that can work in your favor in building a legacy:
- compounding interest
- Roth IRA tax laws (including IRA stretch provisions)
What follows is an example of how you can make those three factors work together to create this $33 million legacy.
How It All Started…
Once upon a time, there was this guy named Joe. Joe is 20 years old, working part-time making decent money, finishing up college, just generally living large (by a 20-year-old’s definition). On the advice of his father (yes, some 20-year-olds do listen to their fathers!), he opened up a Roth IRA, funding it with $5,000. The account was invested in a fixed 5% yield instrument of some sort (not important what the investment is, just assume a 5% annual yield).
Using the Roth IRA is advantageous to Joe because his tax rate is very low at this stage of his life. And presumably tax rates will be increasing for him in the future. Any growth within this account is tax-deferred and most likely tax-free, as long as any future distributions are for qualified purposes.
Each year thereafter, Joe contributes an additional $5,000 to the Roth account. After he completes college, Joe starts working at an entry-level job. Not long after, he marries his high school sweetheart Jane, and Joe & Jane settle into their newlywed life. As life goes, they soon have children in their household, and even though money is tight, Joe continues to contribute the $5,000 each year into his Roth IRA. Life goes on like this for a while.
And then… 20 years pass
At age 40, Joe launches his own business. During this time in his life, tax deductibility becomes more important to him since he’s making a lot more money and is in a higher tax bracket. With this change to his tax circumstances, he stops contributing to the Roth IRA and starts investing in tax deductible retirement accounts.
All this time, his investments in the Roth account have been steadily growing at that fixed 5% rate. Now after 20 years the balance of Joe’s Roth IRA is now up to $165,329. Joe’s 20 years’ worth of $5,000 investments, makes a total of $100,000 contributed. Pretty nice, right?
Joe just sets the Roth IRA aside at this point, forgetting about it altogether for quite a while (other than those pesky quarterly statements). Not much of note happens in our story for a long, long time, other than compounding interest, time passing, and continued tax deferral.
… and another 50 years pass
Joe is now 90 years old. His business has flourished through the years, and his children are reaping the benefits of having worked there, and the children are now retiring. His grandchildren have taken over the business, and he and Jane are enjoying their great-grandchildren. A couple of years later, little Jolene is born, and this first great-granddaughter quickly becomes the apple of Joe’s eye.
It is along this time that Joe remembers that long lost Roth IRA account. To this point the Roth IRA has grown to over $2 million – from that original series of $5,000 contributions that amounted to a total of $100,000. Pretty amazing what can happen with compounding interest and time. Now, while doing his estate planning, Joe has plenty of other assets that he intends to eventually bequeath to his children: the business, other retirement and investment accounts, etc.. This Roth IRA though, he’s decided he’d like to really make a legacy out of it. So Joe decides to name his great-granddaughter Jolene, a newborn, the primary beneficiary of the Roth IRA account.
… and then, a couple of years later…
At age 95, with his family surrounding him, our protaganist Joe passes away.
Little Jolene is now two years old, and as primary beneficiary of the Roth IRA (now worth over $2.4 million), Jolene must begin taking Required Minimum Distributions from the account, based on her age. Jolene’s Table I factor is 80.6, and so her first distribution is for just over $30,000. Her parents file the necessary paperwork and then they put this money away for Jolene’s college education fund.
And so on it goes, the account continuing to compound at 5% each year, Jolene receiving her RMD each year, and her parents putting that money away for college.
Fast forward some more…
Jolene has graduated from high school, and she’s planning to go off to college. Over the past 16 years since her beloved great-grandpa Joe passed away, she has received a total of over $650,000 in distributions from the Roth IRA that he left for her. This has made for a nice start on her college costs. (We won’t get into it now, but if we projected college costs out this far into the future, a year of college might cost more than $6 million at the 7% rate of increases we’ve seen recently.)
So Jolene finishes college, and she continues to receive the RMD payments from the wonderful gift from great-grandpa Joe throughout her life. She lives a long, full life, with a loving family and great success. At age 82, according to the original Table I factor, she has depleted the inherited Roth IRA. The total of all of the RMD distributions she received over those 80 years amounts to $33,069,557. Not too shabby for Joe’s $5,000-a-year commitment over 20 years.
Note: other than acknowledging the factors, income taxes, inflation, and other factors have not been calculated into this example. The example is only intended to illustrate the value of long-term investing, compounding of interest, and tax-deferral benefits of Roth IRAs, plus the stretch provisions. This example is not intended to represent real life situations, although it is certainly feasible. Bear in mind that this entire example’s activity takes place over the span of approximately 155 years.
The post How To Turn $5,000 A Year Into a $33 Million Legacy appeared first on Getting Your Financial Ducks In A Row.